The Bombay high court has directed the ministry of women and child development (WCD) to notify the “Guidelines governing the adoption of children, 2011″ by June 27.
The guidelines assume significance in the wake of the issues that arose from the probe by the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI), in 2007, into the alleged irregularities by a Pune-based adoption agency.
The new guidelines, framed by the Central Adoption Resource Authority (CARA), are aimed at streamlining the adoption process, facilitating expeditious adoption of children and ensuring that the source of each child is verified prior to placement for adoption.
The CARA is an autonomous body under the WCD ministry, responsible for regulating and monitoring adoption of Indian children.
The guidelines also provide for a mandatory clause relating to 80% of the children to be adopted within the country instead of the earlier 50:50 ratio for in-country and inter-country adoptions. Besides, they propose norms for children with special needs to ensure more efficient placements and make it mandatory that orphan and abandoned children be allowed to be adopted internationally under the Juvenile Justice Act.
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